Wednesday, November 25, 2020

Adolescent depression

Adolescence is characterized by change. The incidence of depressive disorders markedly increases after puberty. At least 5% of adolescents, roughly 1 in 20 teenagers, will experience an episode of Major Depression, making it one of the most common medical illnesses young people face.

It is a common condition that affects physical, emotional, and social development. Biomedical and psychosocial risk factors include a family history of depression, parental conflict, female sex, poor peer relationships, childhood abuse or neglect, stressful life events, negative thinking, and chronic illness.

One negative change is the dramatic increase in the probability of developing clinical depression, a psychological disorder characterised by low mood accompanied by a variable set of other symptoms such as change in appetite, and sleep, loss of concentration, guilt and suicidality that persist for at least 2 weeks and impairs function.

Approximately two thirds of children and adolescents with major depressive disorder also have another mental disorder.

In one study, a school-aged samples around two-thirds of young people with depression show at least one comorbid disorder, and over 10% show two or more; overlaps with disruptive disorders (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder [ADHD], Oppositional Defiant Disorder [ODD], and Conduct Disorder [CD]) are as common as with other emotional diagnoses at this stage.
Adolescent depression

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